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Namibia

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Kwoci Namibia(納米比亞

Namibia(納米比亞)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Kwohwey.(國徽

Gaga kska Meycow ka Namibia, 22 00 S, 17 00 E ka gaga na nniqan. Kana ka knlbangan na o 824,292 sq km(hangan na o Tg34) (knlbanga dxgal o 823,290 sq km, knlbangan qsiya o 1,002 sq km). Kana ka sejiqun o niqan 2,436,469 hiyi. Gaga Windhoek ka pusu alang paru, jiyax 21 idas 3 ka jiyax skrayan klwaan. Manu ka dxgal Namibia ga wada sugan 47.20% ka dxgal qpahan, 8.80% ka dxgal bbuyu, rahuq dxgal do niqan 44% na.

Bukung klwaan ta sayang o kiya ka Hage Geingob, pnaah hngkawas2015 idas 3 jiyax 21pnrajing kmlawa klwaan.

Ida nkiya nniqan lnglingay.(自然地理位置)

cinkhulan sa knita’ sa brbiru’

Namibia(納米比亞)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Na-mi-pi-ya Kunghekwo(kari Ing-kwo:Republic of Namibia), asi thngani Na-mi-pi-ya, gaga mniq mquri gqian hidaw na Kung-he-kwo. Gqian na hidaw o sdalih Ta-si-yang,daya o gaga mlutuc dha ka Sang-pi-ya ni An-ke-ra, hraan hidaw o mlutuc dha ka Po-ca-na, hunac o mssiyaw dh aka Nan-fey,. Ana nanaq saw ini tlutuc ka Na-mi-pi-ya ni Sin-pa-wey o, ida msspaw hmrinas 200m mniq yayung Can-pi-si-he ka dha klwaan nii.

Namipiya gaga mniq haypa100m bitaq 2000m kndaya dha, mdngu ni ini hari quyux, nYajetay ni mdka mdngu kkarac. Namipiya ga wada snakan 13 ka singcngcyu ni 50 ka cngfu klealang,pusu dha bi alang ni paru dha bi alang o Unheqe. Babaw mnurux ppais ka Namipiya do, Namipiya o jiyax 21 idas 3 hngkawas 1990 do pnaah knlawa Nanfey murux nanaq da. Hiya o ida nReynhekwo, nTayingkwosey, nFeycowreynmung ni Nankungti cngyueynkwo uri.

Namipiya ga ida hiya ka mdngu bi klwaan hunac Feycow Saharasamo, plealay bi mnniq Namipiya o seejiq Sang, seejiq Tamara, seejiq Nama. Yabi kndadax Sci 14 do sneegul knlabang dxgal seejiqPantu,duma na seejiq Pantura ga wada dhuq thjil Namipiya. Paah hiya siida do kska na kingal seejiq Pantu---seejiq Awwanpo o kmlux Namipiya da.paah bukuy Sci 19 do, seejiq Awwanpo ga hiya ka maa hbaraw bi seejiq Namipiya da.

Hngkawas 1878 siida, ida nYingkwo na Qaypucminti ka wada mangal Hwaweyswankang ni Ciecyuntaw, hini ga wada maa Nanfey Reynpang pnhiyug 1910 siida kska na hiya uri.Hngkawas 1884 siida, Teyic Tikwo ga hiya ka kmlawa egu bi Namipiya ni ngalan Pawhukwo. Bukuy do, prajing prana pusu bi ssalu ni nungyey Namipiya ka Tekwo,duri ni kmlawa bitaq hngkawas 1915, dhuq ini baka cyuntwey Nanfey ka cyuntwey Tekwo. Wada mnhdu hngkawas 1920 ka Tgkingal ppais ka knglangan do,manu ka Kwoci Reynmung o smruwa ni bqanan dha Nanfey Reynpang ka kmlawa quri saw brah nTekwo na hunac gqian hidaw Feycow.Hunac Feycow ga ga mduuy gaya dha mniq hunac gqian hidaw Feycow, kana ka ddaun pseanak kklgan seejiq ni klgan gygaya.

Paah hngkawas 1948 siida, kndadax wada mangal pklawa ka Kwomintang Nanfey do, manu ka Nanfey o mangal pseanak klgan seejiq dha mniq hunac gqian hidaw Feycow siida. Bukuy Sci 20 do,yasa mtutuy ka empruway Cngc ni mririh cngc Namipiya o gisu miying ni kntruxan , kiya ni maku meapa qmlahang hunac gqian hidaw Feycow hngkawas 1966 ka Reyhekwo, kiya ka kiya ni ida Hunac Nanfey ka balay bi kmlawa Namipiya.Hngkawas 1973 do, ida srwaan Reynhekwo mririh seejiq Namipiya ka qpruhan seejiq hunac gqian hidaw Feycow. Tang nii ga ida gaga qlhangan seejiq Awwanpo, seejiq Awwanpo o kika hbaraw bi seejiq Namipiya. Mlutuc bukuy na yowcican do,manu ka Nanfey o hngkawas 1985 siida, mniq Namipiya pnhiyug tnais na singcng tangcyu. Hngkawas 1990 do Namipiya ga balay bi kndadax Hunac Nanfey qulung murux nanaq da.Kiya ka kiya ni bitaq hngkawas 1994 do Hwaweyswankang ni Ciecyuntaw ga, ida klwaan Nanfey han.

Namipiya ga niqan 260 kbuhug ka hiyi seejiq na, ida mgdhug ka twotang Yihwey Mincuctu dha.Nungyey, syumuyey, ryuyowyey ni cayqwangyey(kana ka cwans, xiyow,xicin, xiyin ni peyxilung na kmarig) tunan ka pusu cingci dha.Paru nan i mdngu na Nyamipi samo ga skllbu na bi mitu ka hiyi seejiq knglangan Naymipiya klwaan.

Ri-s(歷史 )[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Plealay mnniq mdngu dxgal Naymipiya o seejiq Pusyuman, seejiq Tamara, seejiq Nama. Kungyueyn Sci 14 siida,kndadax ska hunac Feycow thjil na seejiq Pantu ga, niqan cikuh ka gaga mniq Naymipiya saying.Hngkawas 1884 siida, manu ka Tekwo o mluk ssiyaw gsilung hunac gqian hidaw, duri ni gmarang saw hini o cminti dhamsa, nTekwo na Hunac Gqian Hidaw.Hngkawas 1890 siida, wada lkanan Tekwo kana ka Hunac Gqian Hidaw. Da.

Hngkawas 1915 tgkingal ppais siida, mneiyah mrmux ka heytay Yingcyun, ini khbaraw na heytay Tekwo ga wada asi ini baka cyuntwey Hunac Feycow,wada ngalan Hunac Feycow duri ka Hunac Gqian Hidaw. Hngkawas 1919 do manu ka Kwoci Reynmung ga wada na pqlhangan Hunac Gqian Hidaw duri ka Hunac Feycow .duri ka.Hngkawas 1949 do manu ka Rishwey Reynhekwo o mneysa Hunac Feycow, pniqi dxgal Reynhekwo twokwan ringti ka Hunac Gqian Hidaw msa,ida ini srwani cngfu Hunac Feycow. Idas 4 hngkawas 1949 do, Yihwey na Hunac Feycow ga, wada smruwa < Hunac Gqian Hidaw swu syowcngfa>,ngalan dha saw ndxgal dha nanaq qmita ka Hunac Gqian Hidaw, kiya ni mdudug uda pseanak kleegan seejiq cngce. Hngkawas 1958 bitaq hngkawas 1964 siida, mqalux seejiq Naymipiya ga mnhiyug Mincu Reynmung Hunac Gqian Hidaw,Jnmincuc Hunac Gqian Hidaw ni Micu cuc Micu tungyi Hunac Gqian Hidaw, Hngkawas1966 siida, prajing tutuy smiyuk yowcucan na klwaan na Hunac Feycow.

Idas 6 hngkawas 1968 do, Tahwey na Reynhekwo o wada pprngaw saw pryuxun Naymipiya dungan ka hangan Hunac Gqian Hidaw.

Hngkawas 1980 siida smnegul kndudul paru ka nipi Kwoci Sehwey ni kmdudul muda micuhwa ni ktnaan qmita ka kleegan sjiqan,qulung srwaan Hunac Feycow murux nanaq ka Naymipiya d. Jiyax  idas 2 hngkawas 1990 do, Naymipiya ga smalu Seynfa dha. Jiyax 21 idas 3 do,manu ka Naymipiya o pgarang saw murux nanaq da, Samu Nucyawma ka tgkingal cungtung dha. Hngkawas 1994 siida, manu ka Hunac Feycow ga bqanan na Naymipiya duri ka Hwaweyswan.

Tiri (地理)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Klgsilung Naymipiya ga niqandgring breenux. Ruwan na ddxgal o ida snslian kska baraw dxgal, bowqax na o haypa 2606m na dgiyaq Purantesan(Brandberg);Kska na kawyueyn o paah daya mquri hunac mlutuc, mslutuc dha samo Namipi, gqian hidaw na o hruan sspriq, hunac o yayung Awranche, hraan hidaw o samo Qarahari.

Egu samo ka hunac, egu hruan sspriq ka daya; Pniqan qsiya hngkwasan na yayung o ida ini kpiya,klwaan nii ga ida niqan tnteanaq btunux pungryu ksun.

Karac (氣候 )[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Pusu bi karac Naymipiya o msaw ndngu yajetay, ida mdngu kncilux ni ciway qnuyux; qnyuxan na qsiya kingal hngkwasan o mniq truma 70-100ml.  

Cngc(政治 )[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Cung-tung ka pusu bi mdudul Nay-mi-piya, ida pnsnegaaw sjiqan ka hiya, rima hngkawas do psgaaw txal.Cng-fu o qnpruhan Cung-ri ni ney-ke, cungri o ida snkulan Cungtug. Siida ida pneiyah Na-mi-pi-ya pusu Jen-cu-tang(thnganan qpruhan Nan-fey-jen-min-cuc),ida dha lxanan ka pusu ba lay snhiyan wada Ma-qe-s-cuyi da, kiya ka kina ni ida kiya tgparu bi cng-tang Na-mi-pi-ya ka hiya.

Dha na yueyn Na-mi-pi-ya ga ksun ida qnpruhan wey-yueyn-hwey kana klwaan(National Council) ni kwo-min-hwey-yi(National Assembly).Wey-yueyn-hwey kana klwaan ga niqan 26 tleengan, kng1 wey-yueyn-hwey ti-cyu o pniqan 2 tleengan, kng1 o ga mqpah 6 hngkawas. Kwo-min-hwey-yi o niqan78 tleengan, kska na 72 cng-yueyn ga ida pnesgaagan kana,, rahuq na 6 cng-yueyn do ida snkulan cung-tung kida, kng1 cey o mqpah 5 hngkawas.    

Kwo-min-hwey-yi o ri-fa-ci-kwan nklwaan, manu ka Wey-yueyn-hwey kana klwaan o ida hbaraw ka mqpah ku-un ksun uri. Tgbowqax bi s-fa ci-kwan o tgbowqax fa-yueyn,fa-kwan o ida cung-tung ka kndadax s-fa c-syun wey-yueyn-hwey(the Judicial Service Commission)hiya smkagul maa ga-kwan.

Qtaan ka dha klwaan Fey-cow o, Na-mi-pi-ya ga wana Qa-pu-ri-wey-cyu hiya ka saw mskluuy hari, ida mtna dha kiyig klwaan Po-ca-na saw Fey-cow tnegsdhug hari ka klwaan dha. 

Sing-cng cyu-hwa(行政區劃)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Kana ka klwaan o wada sugan 14 sing-cng-cyu(Region):

# 大區名 英文 首都 英文 大區人口2011年 大區面積平方公里 人口密度

/km²

1 贊比西區 Zambezi Region 卡蒂馬穆利洛 Katima Mulilo 79 826 14 528 6
2 埃龍戈區 Erongo Region 斯瓦科普蒙德 Swakopmund 107 663 63 579 2
3 哈達普區 Hardap Region 馬林塔爾 Mariental 68 249 109 651 1
4 卡拉斯區 Karas Region 基特曼斯胡普 Keetmanshoop 69 329 161 215 0.5
5 東卡萬戈區 Kavango East Region 龍杜 Rundu 115 447 25 576 4.5
6 西卡萬戈區 Kavango West Region 恩庫雷恩庫魯 Nkurenkuru 107 905 23 166 4.7
7 霍馬斯區 Khomas Region 溫荷克 Windhoek 250 262 37 007 7
8 庫內內區 Kunene Region 奧普沃 Opuwo 68 735 86,856 0.6
9 奧漢圭納區 Ohangwena Region 埃納納 Eenhana 228 384 10 703 21
10 奧馬海凱區 Omaheke Region 戈巴比斯 Gobabis 68 039 84 612 0.8
11 奧穆薩蒂區 Omusati Region 烏塔皮 Outapi 228 842 26 573 9
12 奧沙納區 Oshana Region 奧沙卡蒂 Oshakati 161 916 8 653 19
13 奧希科托區 Oshikoto Region 楚梅布 Tsumeb 161 007 38 653 4
14 奧喬宗朱帕區 Otjozondjupa Region 奧卡漢賈 Okahandja 135 384 105 185 1
納米比亞 Namibia 溫荷克 Windhoek 1 830 330 824 116 2.1
一群辛巴族女人
納米比亞的辛巴族少婦

1. Paru hangan: can-pi-si cyu; pusu alang: Qa-ti-ma-mu-ri-row

2. Paru hangan: Ay-rung-ke cyu: pusu alang: S-wa-qe-pu-mung-te

3. Paru hangan: Ha-ta-pu cyu: pusu alang: Ma-rin-ta-ar

4. Paru hangan: Qa-ra-s cyu; pusu alang: Ci-te-man-s-hu-pu

5. Paru hangan: Tung-qa-wan-ke cyu; pusu alang: Rung-tu

一群在溫荷克的赫雷羅族女人。

6. Paru hangan: Si-qa-wan-ke cyu; pusu alang: En-qu-rey-en-qu-ru

7. Paru hangan: Hwo-ma-s cyu; pusu alang: Un-he-qe

8. Paru hangan: Quney-ney cyu; pusa alang: Aw-pu-wo

9. Paru hangan: Aw-han-kwey-na cyu; pusu alang: Ay-na-na

10. Paru hangan: Aw-ma-hay-qay cyu; pusu alang: Ke-pa- pi-s

11.Paru hangan: Aw-mu-sa-ti-cyu; pusu alang: U-ta-pi

12. Paru hangan: Aw- sa-na cyu; pusa alang: Aw-sa qa-ti

13. Paru hangan: Aw-si-qe-two cyu; pusu alang: Cu-aey-pu

14. Paru hangan: Aw-cyaw-cung cu-pa cyu; pusa alang: Aw-qa-han-cya

威比斯灣
史瓦克朋
首都溫荷克市中心

Cin-ci(經濟)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Cin-ci na Na-mi-pi-ya ga pusu bi o kika qwang-can, mkarig qwang ga niqan 20% ka ngalan dha kana seangal hini.Pusu bi qwang-can dha o niqan btunux cwan, xiceyn, limuk, xisin, xiyin, xike. xifan, xicu, xiyow, teyn-nan-ci. Na-mi-pi-ya o tg4 Feycow knparu na uxay ppusa klwaan isil psqmaun qwan-wu,tg5 knglangan knparu hmnru xiyow klwaan ni tg2 knparu hmnru xiceyn klwaan. Hngkawas 1997 siida, btunux cwan ganiqan 141kbuhug qe-ra ka hmnru niya.

Na-mi-pi-ya ga yabi mdka hari hiyi seejiq o smtama nung-yey, kiya ni asi ka kndadax klwaan isil ka uuqun.Ana nanaq GDP sjiqan o mniq mqrinuc klwaan Fey-cow nangal tnealang na 5 pey, ida nkiya saw mqrinuc bi ka kndusan sjiqan Na-mi-pi-ya,yasa llabang bi nn iqandha ga ungac qqpahun dha, ini bi ktna ka neasug dha ni egu bi nduuy dha ka seejiq klwaan isil. Cin-ci na Na-mi-pi-ya ga msgluban bi dh aka Nan-fey.

NTekwo siida ka Hunac Gqian Hidaw Fey-cow ga, cung-tu Tekwo Rin-te-qwey-s-te(von Lindequist)madas 10 miric Qa-ra-qu-ar,bukuy do snegul maa pusu bi kleegan psaan klwaan isil nung-mu-yey Na-mi-pi-ya ti-cyu ka c -kaw-pi ksun, knegu tnabug dha miric Qa-ra-qu-ar hini o tg1 knglangan.Quri saw kung-yey o niqan ka snalu hyhiyi tnabug, qraqil tnabug, snalu qqsurux ni snalu biyuq unuh. Pusu bi maw-yi klwaan o kika Ow-mung ni Amirika.

Hngkawas 2004, kana ka mnangal kwo-min Na-mi-pi-ya o 147.6 hpucing mey-yueyn,spngan ka biyax bnrigan ktna seejiq kana ka nangal kwo-min o 7,300 mey-yueyn. Hngkawas 2016, snpngan ungac qpah 28.1%.

首都溫荷克市中心

Mnangal hbangan ryu-yow-yey o mniq kana ka nangal o niqan 10% hari. Hngkawas 2013 do kana ka sntnayan rmigaw sjiqan klwaan isil o niqan 102 kbuhug.      

Jen-ko ni kari (人口和語言 )[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

沙漠區
奧沙卡蒂的商業區

Na-mi-pi-ya ga ida hbaraw bi ka uxay bhgay seejiq(84%), kska na hiya o Aw-wan-po-cu(Ovambo)ka hbaraw bi, yabi mdka hari hiyi seejiq, pusu sslian dha o daya ti-cyu hiya.Rahuq na egu hnbragan mqalux seejiq Pan-tu-cu(Bantu)do, ida niqan ka hbaraw hari Qe-yi-sang-cu(Khoisan, saw ka Na-ma-cu(Nama)ni Pu-si-man-cu), dhiya ga ida mlutuc seejiq tnpusu Nan-fey kana.     

Qtaan ka seejiq Qe-yi-sang-cu o ida mtna qtaan dha ka seejiq Pan-tu-cu ni seejiq bhgay.Rahuq na do yabi niqan 8% hiyi seejiq ka “ seejiq niqan lhang” (Coloureds) ni “ seejiq Pa-s-te” (Basters). Ida mniqa lutuc dara seejiq He-ran, seejiq Te-kwo, seejiq Ying-kwo,seejiq Fa-kwo uxay uri o seejiq Pu-taw-ya ka pusu bi seejiq bhgay, niqan kana ka hnbragan 8% hiyi seejiq,snpngan nii ga ida ga mniq hunac Sa-ha-ra-sa-mo tg2 parun knlutuc Fe-cow na Na-fey. Hngkawas 2011 hiyi seejiq o yabi 210 kbuhug, knrana na hiyi seejiq o wada niqan hari 0.873%.

雖然英語是該國的官方語言,但納米比亞是個多語言的國家,這些標示以英語、德語、南非語和奧萬博語寫成

Manu ka quri saw cung-cyaw o yabi niqan 80-90% na seejiq ka snhiyi Ci-tu-cyaw, rahuq na seejiq 10-20% do snhiyi tnalang na snhiyan.Mdka na seejiq Na-mi -pi-ya o mangal kari En-tun-cya ka tg1 dha kari, ida ka kari Nan-fey ka rngagun dha balay kari. Bgura an na seejiq saying do ida ka kari Ying-kwo ka djiyun dha balay sayang.Kari Nan-fey ni kari Ying-kwo o srngaw dha balay mniq trwahan nniqan. Ana nanaq kari Ying-kwo ka kari klwaan, ida skari kari Nan-fey ni kari Te-kwo ka dhiya.Ida Ci-tu- cung-cyaw ka pusu dha bi cung-cyaw ksun, mnu ka snhiyi Ru-te-hwey na seejiq ka hbaraw bi.

Pnyahan pnatas(參考資料)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]