Hong Kong

Pnyahan Wikipidiya
跳至導覽 跳至搜尋
A flag with a white 5-petalled flower design on solid red background
Flag of Hong Kong-Kwoci Siyang Kang(香港區旗)
File:Regional Emblem of Hong Kong.svg-Kwohwey (區徽)
Ida nkiya nniqan lnglingay (自然地理位置)

Hong Kong(香港)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Gaga kska Yacow ka Hong Kong, 22 15 N, 114 10 E ka gaga na nniqan.

Kana ka knlbangan na o 1,108 sq km(hangan na o Tg184)(knlbanga dxgal o 1,073 sq km, knlbangan qsiya o 35 sq km).

Kana ka sejiqun o niqan 7,167,403 hiyi.

Gaga [[]] ka pusu alang paru, jiyax 1 idas 7 ka jiyax skrayan klwaan.

Manu ka dxgal Hong kong ga wada sugan 5% ka dxgal qpahan, 0% ka dxgal bbuyu, rahuq dxgal do niqan 95% na.

Bukung klwaan ta sayang o kiya ka Leung Chun-ying, pnaah hngkawas2012 idas 7 jiyax 1pnrajing kmlawa klwaan.

cinkhulan sa knita’ sa brbiru’'

Hong Kong(香港)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Hong Kong(tnguianun kan, klumeun ngayan we sian cian; Ego we: Hong Kong, spatis deheku we: HK、HKSAR)ga menag tgubalo Nanhai、ga tgunarat Cucian, ga mgugaru Kantonsun Sncinsu, tguirin na msusipo knthiyan na 63 konri dahaka Aumun, tghuna na mpayus Nanhai, Topesicunci na Confazenmin konhoko. Ga psgun deheran we Siankan、Cioron dahaka Since, tgdaya na Siankan haten bale; ktaun ssiyo na deheran paru we Ciyoronpantau, ma nikan 263 deheran cceka icirun. Dehug knkawas 2018, nikan 718 man kngrahun na heyi seediq na Siankan. Knkawas 1842, Tacinko inibaka kesun Yapen mccebu, ini pntena ali wada Na sbege ma kbrehun Inko ka deheran Siankan, pradin ciida Inko ka kmrahan ma haten Sinkan, Sikan we kndarah mkeman、deheran nakah uka mmanu ma rrmiku alang bici maangan kcurox, ma wada haten baso palu icrun yahun sdarin hune, kana kyukeya napa na asu kndala Yropa meyah starin bbrigun na Yapen kuri Conko、tninun ma ani kyukeya aimanu basio psunriyan gnbarui, ini yahi rmdu aninanag mrudu ssio alang.

Knkawas 1945, wada marih mccebu ka Nipon, Siankan wada unberih kruhagun na Inko. Knkawas 1842, Cincau dahaka Inko wada psrwa matis patis《Nacin tiyauye》, sbege na Inko ka Siankan anibeta knwan; bobona dun wada matis《Pecin tiyauye 》dahaka《peheyu matis krhangun na ayus Siyankan 》, kiyaka sbege na Cioron ma kblehun na Since, so nii ka ssiyo alang Siankan kndlah knlahangan na Inko. Mpsan mcucebu cida, gnlekan na kmrahan na Nihon dehug 3 knkawas 8 idas. Kndalah knkawas 1997 idas 7 ali 1 dmoi kesun「kingan kklahangun daha gaya」pnoda lnlnngan na Confazemin konhoko smmalu dnoyan soni, 《Confazenmin kohoko Siankan topesincunci cipenfa》pgukela mesa Siankan we uxe moda dmoi gesun sofecuyi, kana ooda kkdesun we uxe prgeru 50 knkawas snegun nana Cupenucyi. Siankan we rmaban ktaun malu bale ndaan na Kocicinzon、Konsanfwu dahaka Hanyinconsin, kndalah cianton cicinfe 25 knkawas snpegan kana bobodeheran Siankan we rmaban bale cuyocinciti, dehu na hini sokiya, knkawas 2020 de knmaru na bkui na Sinciapo magan 2 malu snpegan di. Ndaan na knluhagan mtbale alang、alang ini skkru、leehan ka galan zekin dahaka ddaun pklahan gaya malu bahagun kana bobodeheran, kiya kesun「Tonfan cu cu 」knmlo ka ngayan na.

Risu(歷史)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Dehu tbkui hari Mincau nikan ka tnngayan siankan di, kesn daha siankan we deheran bici ga cceka icirun sipo na Tekun, sayade kesn Yarico sipo na Fancukn, uxe dugx kedsn Siankancai saya. Kndalah Setansutai ciida nikan Honsnyemiau pradin snhiyun na seediq menag deheran Yarico(Yarico honsnmiau), pradin Cincau seediq Siankan we snheyi tenhomiau, kiya ktaun Yarico we mlaale haten risu na dahaka siankancia, saya ktaun Fancukn、Siankancia dahaka ssio Tenwan, beraha 100 knkawas ga tribuun Icirun nana, uka hari deheran, uxe khubalo seediq mnenag hini. Egu pskari na tngayan Siakan, nikan kinga kari daha pnadis mesa, hani dehug Sinkan cucu ka spi Iko ciida, seediq manga kcurux ngayan na cncin, dehug Siankan ssio pecintai ka spi Iko ciida heya rngego mesa「Siankan」ngayan na hini.

Siankan kafu(香港開埠)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

1840年代畫家筆下的香港島。Knkawas 1840 ciida nikan seedig zga matis Sinkan. (File:HK Island 1840.jpg)

Berah knkawas 1810 ciida, Inkotonintu konsu wada tena meyah mkiri mita ssio deheran Sinkan ga menag putin na yayun Cucian. Bobo na nnkala Sinkan cucu ka seediq Inko, seediq mnenag Sinkan ngayan na cncin heya wada pguela desun na tgudaya Sinkan, seediq Inko moda alang siankan cncin cmiyu kari Kocia soka「sinkan」henga na, kiya ka nikan「Hong Kong」ka ngayan na alang, anidehug saya so kiya ka tnngayan na. Knkawas 1840, hani mntehan mccebu Yapen, Cincau Takanti psba mcebu han bobo na mkri so psbale ka lnlnnga na, snkagun Cincaitasu cisan ka ngayan na mosa pplego psbale dahaka spi Inko dehug alang Kanco. Knkawas 1841 idas 1, ini pklayi ka Cincau dahaka Iko cisan dahaka cari.iri tena mehedu matis psbale patis《hani plgagan patis cnwapi》, dehug idas 1ali 20 Cari.iri paadis patis 《patis sbege na bkun mkedin》, lmegu mesa wada mhedu kari ma spu matis 「patis mtena llnnga」 daahaka cisan, nikan pntasan 「sbege Inko ka Sinkan dahaka baso icirun 」.

Krahangan na Nihon; knkawas 1910 Siankan ciida(日佔時期;1910年的香港)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Knkawas 1945 idas 9, Inko dahaka Confaminko spu sumesn pahabaro hata ma spu smmesn mkkesa pgukela mesa Siankan wada kbereh ka knrhangnan dngan, Knkawas 1941 idas 12 ali 8(patis hido Yaco), kmremuh cnckan ka Nihon, ali ciida kmremuh Siankan duri, Siankan wada tgimah mccebu Taipiyan, koka tonmonfe spu knciyug Tanah tunx. Pradin mccebu kmrahan heyanaka Siankan, spi Inko ma supi Inko teru, spi Kanata dahaka spi Pleten Intu meyaha gbaan Siakan, mnegu ma palubale pncbuan daha.

Bobo pncubuwan mpsan(二次大戰後)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

1955年的香港街道景色,圖為德輔道。Knkawas 1955 eru maci Tofuta.(File:Desvoeuxroadcentral1955.jpg)
二戰後香港經濟穩健發展,圖為1955年的中環。Bobo mpsan mccebu malu haten na Siankan, knkawas 1955 sasin con fan.(File:Hongkong Central 1955.jpg)
1960年美軍提康德羅加號航空母艦於維多利亞港。Knkawas 1960 Kantorocia Hankonmcen na Mecin menag baso icirun Wetoriya.(File:USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14) at Hong Kong in 1960.jpg)
2009年的中環。Knkawas 2009 ktaun confan.(File:Hong Kong Island Skyline 2009.jpg)
2014年的香港島北岸及九龍。Knkawas 2014 ktaun tgudaya Siankan dahaka cioron.(File:Overlook Hong Kong Island north coast and Kowloon (improved version).jpg)

Knkawas 1945, idas 8 ali 30 inibaka mccebu ka Nihon, pahakari ka Inko unbberi ku Kmrahan Siankan dngan. Kokminto dahaka kiosanto pprengo ma mpsan mccebu ciida, uka ali na Confaminko moda pprengo ooda na Siankan dahaka Inko. Knkawas 1949 idas 10 ali 1, secricu ka Confazenmin konhoko ciida, wada pprengo deheya ooda na Siankan wada matis uxe ta plungagan mesa: Pecin uka rrnngan magan deheran Siankan, ma uxe ku smnetun nudaan na seediq dahaka supi Confaminko menag Siankan, wada sonii unpriyux mangan cunzen Confazemin konhoko ka Inko, wada soni Siankan beku berah bale sntaran alang ziyu dahaka koncancuyi ka Siankan.

Mcceka nudaan(過渡期)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Knkawas 1989, bobo ziken 64, seedig Siankan wada mege knrahangan knddun ini so snheyi conyan cunfu, miicu ka rnrnngan daha, wada llebu kana cucan daha, teherui icin alang ka seediq dngan, kiyaka kegaku smmaru hikozo bgurah palu ka Sefu Siankan kiyaso msesu rnrnnga na seedig. Knkawas 1990 idas 4 ali 4, mu 7 Cenko zen mintafe ciida mu 3 kaigi ka Conko, Conkokocia suseki Yansaqun wada matis cusirin, ma smruwa peheyu gaya《Siankan cipenfa》.

Topesincnci ciida(特別行政區時期)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Knkawas 2019 idas 4, seedig siankan knciyug Sehu peheyu (taufan tiauri), knkawas 2019 idas 6 ali 9, hubaro riun seedig Siankan msseli ma mkkesa eru knciyu msean, knciyug Conkon conyan ciriweyen peheyu (taufan tiauri). Pnheygan na gaya kiya we sefu Siankan netun nikan seediq kndurig asika smruwa pdesun na Cokotaru、Aumn dahaka Taiwan moda pseun. Idas 6 ali 12 kesacu dahaka seedig palu bale tgrayan daha, kiya wada tmretun yosin knkawas 2019 idas 6 ali16 ma knkawas 2019 idas 7 ali 1 mosa kmremuh sndayug Rifafe. Cceka idas 7 idas 8 ciida seediq dahaka kesacu mnegu mtgudiyan、msciyug kmremuh ma pgmerug, wada knpriyug ka slengo daha mesa「kofku Siankan, komin zidai」mntena undo cncu kancn. Idas 9 Ali 4, bkn alang Lincnyeo paha kari mesa lahun uxe daun plego ka《taufan tiauri》ma pgkela teru ddaan. Idas 10 ali 5 bobo knpliyug knrahangan ka sefu Siankan mntehan paha oda (cinci cinkuan tiauri ) ini srwa mbnkwa kana seedig. Idas 10 ali 23 rifafe wada smruwa malah ka《peheyu taufan tiauri 》, anisokiya moda knciyu ka seedig nana. So ndaan na ali knciyug kndalah knkawas 1956 idas 10 ali 10 palu bale nndaan na smmerag ka alang.

Tiri(地理)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Hnyegan deheran(地貌)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Rehoko ciakowenccu ktaun ta Scetickoyen mesa si deheran sohari 6 erug snarug btgus mgdegun mtukiri ka alang Siankan, knguheti ga na kruhangun Siankan we 2,755.03 pinfankonri, kngeheti na deheran we 1,105.6 pinfankonri(80.7 pinfankonri ka deheran Siankan、ciyoron we 46.9 pinfakonri、Since dahaka deheran ga cceka icirun we 978 pifankonri, nii we punatis knkawas 2014): kngeheti kngurahan ksiya we 1,650.64 pinfankonri. Snakun snpegan deheran Siankan we Siankan、Ciuron pantau、Since teru snpegan dahaka 263 deheran icrun, deheran icirun we kesn tayisan palu bale.

Sntai(生態)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Nikan stikonyen kesn sapah kntaun kbheni, 75% deheran na Siankan we ssiyo ini kpahi, malubale ka nnikan. Dehu knkawas 2006 idas 6, nikan hmrinas 3,100 Wekuan sdu nikan wada kpriyu kingan nag sdu uri, hmrinas 50 gaga dngaun ka camac, hmrinas 100 ka Liancire、Pasinre dahaka Kbheni egu klegan ka Siankan Toyocon. Soka Siankan sisin、Siankan pato  dahaka ruwen suwa. Nikan duri, ga nanikun Siankan nii kbuheni Yaco tuhelin de ddaun na eru ma daun na starin msange, tguirin daya cerag mipu deheran Since egu kbhei teherui moda starin, kesun hohawan suti kndalah knkawas 1995 spooda《ramsar konye》wada psan secuyo Kocisuti.

Karag(氣候)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Ga menag tgubaro Ticio yazotai ka Siankan、tghuna pefeqesien, tgbukui na ga sdahan Oyataru ma berah na mkri Taipinyan, kiyaka nikan Hayansin fuzotai cifonciho, scifunmin mkri hari muuhn. Dehug bkui knkawas de, kndalah kauciya Siporiya madis karat mdengu ma msekui mkrui ticiya Taipinyan miyug, sokiya karat misan na Siankan, kiya ka anina menag tgubalo ka Siankan nikan msekui ka kara. Cuceka knkawas de, nikan kauciya ka Taipinyan, bgihun kara rbagan miyu kuri Oyataru, rbagan Siankan madis egu kyuh. Kinnga knkawas de idas 3 dehug 5 we kara freun, kara de muuhn ma msemun, mnprabu ma, ani berah bale inihari dai. Idas 6 dehug idas 8 de lbagan, kara mttiluh, msemn, nikan hali kyux palu, smeli kyuxpalu. Idas 9 idas 11 aki, muuhun hari ma szusi, thdaun riun. Lbagan dahaka aki daun hari bohu, dmana sksiya ma snu hari; miyug hari bgihun mttilux. Ldas 12 dehug idas 2 ge misan, kara mndengu ma szusi, nikan huda ka dgiyag, ini ka thda. Alang maci Siankan we mcpecu sapah bbalo, seediq Siankan hbalo ma mcpecu nnikan, kiya ka madis mttiluh ka ssio, kiyaka maci dahaka derig alang ini pntena ka kntulehan daha, alang Since kiya so Takrin、Skan dahaka Petanton darin deheran Tairiku, rmaban kntlehan na dahaka maci, kntlehan na dehug 8 to inipntena.

Ciauton(交通)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Hatacu ka ciaton Siankan, benlibale, klegan ppawen we rrupni、basu paru、basu bici、taksi ma hne, nikan tenco ma cinte dri. Knkawas 2013, kingan ali pnpaan na knbahalo seediq we dehug 1235 man nin. Rrupni rmaban bale ini gudema, knkingan ali pnpaan na seedig we dehug 442 ma nin; mpsan we rrubasu, kinngaan ali pnpaan na dehug 376 ma nin. Nikan kesun kipu pataton mntena pila duri mberah bale dmoi kana anag ani inu, gagadaha doyun kana seedig we 2,400 man nin.

Kocicican Siankan snpegan klngan koyintaro(香港國際機場一號客運大樓)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Hankon ciauton mkri alang icin, sin Siankan kocicican ga menag Claciau, npaanang na kngegu seediq ga belah egu spegun kana Hikozo bobodheran, Hikoki kndalah Ome、Yaco dahaka Tayanco meya starin msange. Ndaan na cncu we menag cuceka ini kuriku icin, kiyaka bsiyat ali Conkotaru dahaka Taiwan ngalun daha tatag yahun msange knpriyu hhaan ka Siankan. Knkawas 2013, dehug 372,000 snpegan hikoki meyah starin Siankan hini. Kingan knkawas we 24 patishido ini ksange mepah ka Siankan, knkawas 2010 snpegun napa na seediq we 5,390 man nin ma napa na kkeya we dehug 410 man kotun; kndalah knkawas 2001 dehug knkawas saya knmalu na nundaan ga menag spegun we gaga berah teru snpegan mena bobodeheran, mmsepa wada mangan rmaban malu nudaan na menag hikozo bobo deheran.

Cencu(建築)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]

Peheyu so sapah smnegun Sentaicuyi ka Siankan, peheyu egu kesn Siankan motentalo ssio sipo Wetoriyakan, pnhyegan sapah knbbalo na hmrinas 90 koncu snpegan we hmrinas 3,069, ktaun pnheyu sapa bobo deheran uka soni myeyuh ma bbalo ma graham. Kndalah dgiya Taipinsan dmeeda kri toma mita Wetoriyakan ma kndalah Censacue skkaro mita mkuri Siankan, ktaun knmalu taun alang maci dahaka icirun, nii si tmrus okiaku meyah Siankan, beku teru knmalu ba taan keeman bobo deheran kingan we Siankan. Motentaro menag Siankan uxe ano

Pnyahan pnatas(參考資料)[smmalu patas | ida npatas sspgan ka smmalu patas]